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Concussion Prevention Tips for Parents

In July 2018, the Canadian Institute for Health Information released alarming facts highlighting that the incidences of sport-related brain injuries are on the rise, with the highest increase being in the 0 to 9 year age bracket. 

The statistics, comprised of data from both Alberta and Ontario, state that over 17,000 sport-related brain injuries were seen in emergency departments in Alberta and Ontario in 2016 to 2017:

  • This is a 28 percent increase from 2012 to 2013, with the age group of 0 to 9 year olds increasing by 50 percent.

  • Approximately 68 percent of the total cases in the emergency departments were youth 17 years old and younger.

  • Close to one-third or 32 percent of the overall cases were sustained in hockey, ice skating, snowmobiling, and/or skiing/snowboarding.

  • The highest proportion of injuries, 29 percent, are among 10 to 14 year olds.

  • Males are more prone to brain injuries than females (60 percent vs. 40 percent).

  • The top sporting activities with links to brain injury are hockey, cycling, football/rugby, and skiing/snowboarding, with hockey having the highest risk.

  • The Injury Prevention Centre cites that falls are the leading cause of injury requiring emergency department visits and hospital admissions for children 10 years old and under.

What can you do to prevent your child from being part of these statistics as they take part in winter activities?

Make sure all of their equipment fits properly. This includes both footwear (winter boots, ski boots, skates, etc.) and headgear. Tips on how to choose the right helmet and ensure a proper fit can be found at It’s important to note that helmets are not universal so for optimal protection, you’ll want to have the proper helmet for the right sport (i.e., a cycling helmet is not an effective measure of protection when skiing).

Enroll your child in age-appropriate group or one-on-one lessons so they can master the right technique (skiing, skating, snowboarding, snowmobiling, etc.).

Helmets are not just for skiing or skating! Put a lid on it whenever there is potential risk of a fall (i.e., sledding).

Always take notice of any potential dangers whenever your child is taking part in winter sports and adjust as needed (i.e., If sledding, assess the landscape to ensure there are no tree stumps or other obstacles on the pathway that could cause a crash).

Establish a buddy system with one or more of your childs friends and have them look out for one another. Children younger than eight years old should always be well supervised outside.

Sports and recreational activities are an important part of a child’s life as both promote health and well-being. These activities help in establishing great life skills (team work, a sense of unity, relationship-building, work ethic, etc.) all while participants are having fun being mentally and physically challenged. That said, it comes without saying that you need to be on the lookout for how your child can participate safely when taking part in all sports. Paediatricians in Canada have teamed up to provide resources on how you can do just that,

Denise is a Human Resources professional and author who, as a brain injury survivor, now advocates for injury prevention. She’s authored Emma’s Skiing Adventure, a children’s book where readers can follow Emma’s journey as she shares
the important message of being safe on the slopes. For more information, visit and follow her on Twitter @dpelletier03.

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